Here at DCDC we understand the importance of physical play! Weather permitting we go outside daily, use our gross motor rooms, and provide various activities in our classrooms to keep children active.
Children develop in a holistic manner. Physical development should be seen as being important in young children’s development as intellectual development. Research has shown that physical activity in young children can enhance concentration, motivation, learning and well-being.
Generally, our lives have become more inactive and our children have less opportunity for physical activity each day. The reasons for our increased inactivity include:
• Excessive screen time, including television watching, computer, IPad, mobile device usage
• Fewer family members to play with
• Fewer safe outside play areas
Preschools can provide many opportunities for physical play to promote fine and gross motor skills and hand / eye coordination.
Children enjoy physical play, indoors and outdoors. They revel in freedom of movement and in play that is inventive, adventurous and stimulating. Children also learn social skills as they cooperate with one another and show consideration for one another.
Large Muscle Development – gross motor and locomotor skills
• Walk forwards, backwards and sideways
• Walk on tip-toes (balance)
• Running, stopping and starting
• Climb up steps or a ladder with one foot leading
• Pivot around and around on feet
• Jump up and down on the spot on both feet
• Jump a distance
• Balance along a plank 18cms from the ground
• Balance on one leg for 4 seconds
• Crawl through a barrel or tunnel These basic activities develop body management, balance, bodily co-ordination, strength, agility and confidence
Fine Motor Skills
• Building blocks
• Assembling construction materials – Duplo etc.
• Putting Jigsaws together
• Grip a pencil or paintbrush
• Hammer shapes into a pegboard
• Pour water or dry sand from one container to another
• Thread beads
• Manipulate Playdough
These activities promote hand-eye coordination, spatial awareness, fine motor control, accuracy, two handed coordination and manipulative strength.